Gouramis are a family, Osphronemidae, of freshwater perciform fishes. The fish are native to Asia, from Pakistan and India to the Malay Archipelago and north-easterly towards Korea. The name “gourami” is also used for fish of the families Helostomatidae and Anabantidae. “Gouramis” is an example of a redundant plural. Gourami is already plural, in its original language.
Most Gouramis are referred to as anabantoids or labyrinth fish. Dwarf Gouramis make a wonderful addition to the passive community aquarium adding brilliant color and diversity. Large Gourami fish species are very graceful swimmers that have unique coloration and color patterns, and work best in the semi-aggressive community aquarium.